Government of Daehanjeiguk
The Government of Daehanjeiguk is primarily composed of an autocratic regime with democratic auxiliaries. At the summit is the office of Imperial Regent, filled by the Emperor. Below the Emperor are numerous offices that divide the Imperial Government's mandates into their respective spheres of influence.
- Main article: Imperial Assembly of Daehanjeiguk
The Imperial Assembly manages the legislative affairs, receiving and issuing individual petitions from across the Empire. One of their most important tasks is the delegation of Imperial finances to individual persons, since financial authority is centralized within the Imperial Government. And though the Emperor reserves the right to modify any legislation passed within the Imperial Assembly, in principle, he has no need to do so and most often signs each legislation passed with the Imperial Seal.
- Main article: Principal Ministries of Daehanjeiguk
The authoritative branch of the Imperial Government is headed by the Emperor himself, assisted by a diverse assortment of ministries, designed to ease his work load. The four principle ministries are Domestic Affairs, Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Finance; beneath these are the numerous other ministries that tackle the more specific problems associated with the management of the government and state. The most important ministry is perhaps the Domestic Affairs Ministry, which handles the plethora of domestic necessities, such as health care, welfare, transportation, housing, energy, among others. These ministries are the centerpiece of government, as they are directly tied to the welfare and contentment of every citizen. The Foreign Affairs Ministry has in recent years received a boost, following the Emperor Chungjong's decision to open the Han Empire to foreign contacts. The centerpiece of the Foreign Affairs Ministry is the Academy of Foreign Affairs, based in Sanghae, which handles the foreign affairs of the Empire. Although the Academy's primary purpose is to register foreign national titles and names into the Imperial Archives, the Academy also handles the establishment of political ties and the promotion of economic and defense related activities with foreign states (although the Emperors have seldom applied the defense aspects of the Academy). The Defense Ministry handles the defense of the Empire, with the organization of the armed forces of the Empire. The armed forces also includes the Imperial Civil Militia, which acts like a national police is most other countries. And though seldom appreciated, the Finance Ministry deals with the issues of finance and economy in the Empire. Education, incidentally, is considered an economic factor, much the same as research and development; for this reason, the Finance Ministry handles the affairs of the Imperial Examinations System and the promotion/demotion of ranks within the civilian market. The Finance Ministry also handles the fines issued from punishment cases and the taxes on certain activities, generally considered to be morally apprehensive.
At times, the Ministers of the four principal ministries are called by the Emperor - along with other important officials - to form an Imperial Cabinet, to discuss the authoritative affairs of the Empire. This meeting can serve as a limited bypass around the Imperial Assembly, mostly used in emergencies and situations requiring extreme measures. In general, the Cabinet discusses matters of Imperial security, although at times, progressive Emperors have used the Cabinet to discuss long-term reforms to the Imperial system.
- Main article: Judicial System of Daehanjeiguk
The judicial system is surprisingly centralized around the authority of the magistrates. Imperial Magistrates are appointed by the Imperial Assembly and confirmed by the Emperor, who delegates territories over which the Magistrate will govern. The magistrate serves as a judicial auxiliary to the democratically elected officials of the provinces, and though no man is immune to justice, magistrates will only handle judicial cases that are directly brought to their attention. Since there are no official "police" to govern the conduct of citizens, beyond extreme matters of security, citizens are obliged to govern themselves. In this manner, most judicial cases are in fact resolved by the rule of people in their villages. However, it is the right of any citizen to protest these decisions, whereupon they can be brought legitimately to the magistrate, who serves as a representative on behalf of the Emperor, who is the highest magistrate in the land.
This system of justice is quite unusual for most foreigners; it is possible that this odd system may be responsible for the Empire's unpopularity abroad. However, it should be noted that the Empire governs in the Confucian tradition, which calls for all people to govern themselves. For this reason, the number of judicial cases is very limited in the countryside, while prominent in the cities (where most foreigners inhabit). Nonetheless, the justice system is a unique precipice in the Empire, which calls for some pride when citizens say that they obey the law out of respect for it, rather than for fear of it (which is the principal criticism of punishments). Nonetheless, punishments do exist, and whenever they are summoned, only the magistrates have any legitimate authority to issue punishments to citizens.
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