|Hangyeong Special City|
Directly Administered City
Hangyeong (kr.: 한경; zh: 韓京) is the capital of the Celestial Regency of Daehanjeiguk, otherwise known as the Great Han Empire. The city has been the official capital of the Han Empire since 1390. Its history extends beyond the Common Era, during the Warring States Period, and has survived centuries of warfare, isolation, abandonment, and hostile weather to serve as an important city of the Han Empire and as the critical crossroads of the Empire.
Hangyeong (韓京) literally translates to "capital of Han", in line with the common East Asian tradition whereby capital cities are explicitly named as such. The capital earned its name following General Yi Seonggyei's conquest of Daedu (大都), meaning "great capital". The name was adopted by the reigning Monggol Weon Dynasty (元). Before this time, it was also commonly referred to as Yeongyeong (燕京) - a tribute to the former state of Yeon - and Jungdu (中都) - meaning "Central Capital".
During the Warring States Period, Hangyeong served as the capital of the State of Yeon. Following the fall of the Yeon, the succeeding dynasties failed to make any impact to expand the metropolitan area, owing to its largely unfavorable terrain for habitation. The area borders the Gobi Desert (just beyond the Great Wall), and the neighboring Balhae Sea is the nearest major body of water, but unable to support a large population (because of its salinity). Nonetheless, during the Dang Dynasty (唐), the city became the military headquarters for the territory north of the Hwangha. After the collapse of the Dang, the Yeojin Geum Dynasty (金) established the area as Jungdu in 1153 and used the territory as its capital until the Monggolian cavalry arrived in 1205. The city was razed to the ground by Teimujin (테무친) in 1215, and re-established by his son in 1267, as the new capital of the Weon Dynasty. The Monggols ruled from Daedu until the Myeong Dynasty (明) unseated the Monggols from the capital in 1368. The ensuing twenty years were marred by conflicts with the Monggols, until the historic 1388 campaign.
Daedu Campaign (1388-1392)
Faced with the growing threats from the Myeong Dynasty, the Goryeo Dynasty (高麗) launched an invasion, led by General Yi Seonggyei (李成桂). The 250,000-man army managed to divert the attention by the Myeong forces attacking the Weon Dynasty, and forced a pivotal battle by the capital. By 1390, Goryeo had forced the Myeong to retreat to all territory south of the Hwangha, and to refrain from attacking the Kingdom. From this campaign, General Yi Seonggyei renamed the city "Hangyeong" and established his own dynasty, challenging the right to rule by the Goryeo Kingdom. In a quick coup, the General returned home, leaving himself as the undisputed master of the new realm. Under his reign, the new capital began to prosper.
Capital of Han (1392-Present)
Soon after the establishment of the Han Dynasty (韓), the city grew beyond its original cantonments, principally because the Emperor Taejo began a formal policy of "forced immigration", bringing thousands of people from the new province of Joseon to the city. The principal purpose was to help offset the native population of Western Han peoples and have a base population that was dependable. In 1406, the Emperor Taejo decided to build an Imperial Residence in the city, and began the construction of the Imperial City. The city served as the principal residence for all future Emperors of the Han Empire. The construction also established the basic organization of the capital, as the official government buildings were modified to serve the Emperors - close proximity to the Imperial offices and gardens made it extremely easy for the Emperor to manage the affairs from his residences. The main thoroughfares also helped to establish the principal merchant quarters, allowing the city to expand its commercial districts as the city began to grow. Before 1669 and the final conquest of the Myeong Dynasty, the city's principal source of income came from the Imperial Treasury; after 1669, a massive a growth of merchants, using the city as the principal crossroads between the isolated Joseon and Manju Provinces, and the agriculturally self-sustaining southern provinces.
The city continued to prosper into the modern era, with little modification until the reign of the Gojong Emperor. Under his reign, the city began to expand its popular base, as the new Imperial Assembly was built along the western edge of the Cheonanmun Square, ending 4 centuries of Imperial modifications of the Imperial Quarter, and inviting the people of Hangyeong and the Empire to the politics of the Empire.
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Hangyeong is situated at the northern tip, of the roughly triangular North Han Plain which opens to the south and east of the city. Mountains to the north, northwest and west shield the city and northern Empire's agricultural heartland from the encroaching desert steppes. The northwestern part of the municipality are dominated by the Jwindu Mountains (쥔두산), while the western part of the municipality is framed by the Seosan Mountains (서산). The Great Wall, which stretches across the northern part of the Municipality, made use of this rugged topography to defend against nomadic incursions from the steppes. Mount Dongying (동링산) in the Seosan ranges is the municipality's highest point, with an altitude of 2303 m. Major rivers help supply the city of water, critical to the city's survival. Hangyeong is also the northern terminus of the Grand Canal.
The urban area of Hangyeong is situated in the south-central part of the municipality and occupies a small but expanding part of the municipality's area. It spreads out in bands of concentric ring roads, of which the fifth and outermost passes through several satellite towns. Cheonanmun (천안문) and Cheonanmun Square are at the center of Hangyeong, and are directly to the south of the Imperial City, the residence of the Emperors of Han. The city itself is organized along these concentric rings, in accordance with the diagrams of a compass, where the Imperial City forms the center of the compass and the outlying suburbs form the outer rings.
The city's climate is a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate, characterized by hot, humid summers due to the monsoons, and harshly cold, windy, dry winters that reflect the influence of the vast Sub-Arctic anticyclone. Average temperatures in January are at around -7 to -4 °C (19 to 24 °F), while average temperatures in July are at 25 to 26 °C (77 to 79 °F). Annual precipitation is over 600 mm, with 75% of that in summer.
Hangyeong boasts one of the largest metropolitan transportation organizations in the world, which regularly shuttles around 20 million people daily around the city. The fact that public transportation is largely subsidized by the government, along with a local city tax on all vehicles, helps encouraged customers to use the extensive network of buses (exempt from the tax), subway trains, monorails, and bike depots. The city is also connected to the rest of the Han Empire via roads and rail services.
Hangyeong is serviced by three major airports: Jangchun International Airport, which services Hangyeong directly; Hangyeong-Cheonjin International Airport, the larger of the two and services both Cheonjin and Hangyeong; and Cheonhwa Domestic Airport.
Emperor Gojong Football Stadium
The city currently sponsors the Hangyeong Football Club. The city also hosts the Cha Beomgeun Memorial Football Stadium, which serves as the headquarters for the Imperial Football Association and the Imperial Han Football Team and Emperor Gojong Football Stadium, which is currently the home for the Hangyeong FC and the Imperial Football League, although plans are currently underway to construct a lower-capacity venue for Hangyeong FC, to ensure the stadium is not wasted on low-attendance fixtures.
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|DISCLAIMER::: This City correlates to the RL City of Beijing; some of the details provided in this article are not real, and to assume anything in this article is real would be a great fallacy, unless one can validate that those facts are true by secondary sources from real life; the author(s) of this article are not responsible for any false assumptions about the RL city of Beijing and/or the RL state of China.|